WAEC Government Questions & Answers for Essay and Objectives 22nd September 2021. Released.

WAEC Music Questions and Answers 2022
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In this post, we will be posting out WAEC Government questions and answers for candidates that will participate in the examination from past questions. and the real WAEC Government Answers some minutes before the exam proper start so I advise you stay tunned.

According to the timetable, the 2021 Waec government exam for Essay Paper 2 will commence by 9:30 am and end by 11.30 am while Govt Objective Paper 1 will commence immediately after and end by 12.30 pm and last for 1hr, the West African Examination Council (WAEC) Government paper for SSCE will be written on Wednesday 22nd September 2021.


PAPER 2 (Essay)
Answer only Four questions in the section.
Write your answers in the answer booklet provided.


WAEC Government questions and answers


1. (a) What is Political Socialization?
Political socialization is the process of the acquisition and transmission of political knowledge and value by individuals from one generation to another.
(b) i. It involves the transmission of values and beliefs of the political culture from one generation to the next.

ii. Political Culture is maintained and changed through political socialization. The values, beliefs, and orientations towards political objects and actions are transmitted as well as changed by this process.
iii. Political Socialisation is a lifelong learning process but its pace and role keep on changing from time to time. The process goes on continuously throughout the life of the individual.
iv. Political Socialisation provides the necessary knowledge and incentive for an individual’s participation in politics. Politically socialized individuals come forward to accept different roles in the political system.
v. In nature, Political Socialisation is similar to, in fact, a part of the process of socialization that is always at work in every society.

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2. (a) Explain the concept of political participation.
(b) Highlight any four methods of political participation.

3. Define Public Corporation.
(a) A public corporation may be defined as a business organization established, owned, managed, and financed with taxpayers’ money by the government of a country with the main motive of making a profit but to render essential services to members of the public.
(b) i. Financial Control: The accounts of public corporations are audited from time to time by government Auditors and a copy of the Auditors’ report is submitted to the Minister which he presents to the parliament and this prevents financial mismanagement.

ii. Judicial Control: As a legal entity that can sue and be sued, a public corporation can be dragged to court if it fails to act within the limits set by the law that established it and its action declared ultra vires.
iii. Ministerial Control: Ministers that are answerable to the parliament are given extensive power over public corporations. These include powers to appoint and dismiss members of the Board of Directors, determination of remunerations, conditions of service, approving all loans and major expenditures, etc.
iv. Public Control: Members of the public who consume goods and services of the public corporations exercise some form of control through criticisms they level against these corporations.

4. (a) Highlight any four major objectives of the foreign policy of anyone West African Country.
(b) Outline any four ways of preventing military intervention in politics.

5. Highlight five reasons for the slow rate of nationalism in French-speaking West Africa.

6. i. Shortage of funds: The involvement of this organization in large-scale operations affects its financial resources. This has created over time, shortage of funds.
ii. Sovereignty of nation: The U.N.O cannot effectively enforce its decision because member states are not ready to surrender their sovereignty to the authority of the organization.
iii. The veto power: Each of the five permanent members of the security council has veto power. This could be used at times to satisfy their selfish interest at the expense of fulfilling the objectives of the organization.
iv. Poverty: The inability of the united nation to effectively address the issue of poverty among member states.

v. Difference in ideology: There are differences in ideology, culture, politics, and methods used in pursuing economic goals. This may negate the evolution of lasting peace in the world.

7. (a) Highlight four features of the 1979 Republican Constitution.
(b) State two ways by which the President could be removed from office according to the Constitution.

8. (a) i. National Party of Nigeria (NDN) – Alhaji Shehu Shagari
ii. The Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) – Chief Obafemi Awolowo
iii. The Great Nigeria People’s Party (GNPP) – Waziri Ibrahim
(b) i. Since independence, the political parties have shown that they are loyal to the electorate during campaigns and would serve their Interest of vote to power
ii. They usually organize membership to reach all corners of the country
iii. They have shown that their main objectives are to contests elections,win, and grow the country by all means.

9. i. The constitution is not a product of any constitutional conference; It was hurriedly prepared by the outgoing military government of General Abdulsalam Abubakar. Thus, many Nigerians continue to criticize it and see it more as a military constitution than the civilian constitution.
ii. The constitution fails to define the roles of the traditional rulers in government. And The recognition of the Sharia courts contravenes the description of the country as being SECULAR.

iii. The constitution is not clear on the functions and creation of the local governments; This makes local governments be at the mercy of the other governments. Then, this issue of the creation of more local governments has been a major source of conflict between states and federal governments. A classical example was Lagos vs Federal Government during Obasanjo’s administration.

10. (a) i. The village was the highest unit of administration.
ii. Existence of village assembly (Oha-an-Eze/Umunna).
iii. The village priest/ diviner wielded a great deal of religious and judicial powers.


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WAEC Government Objective Questions 2021 Below.

PAPER 1 (Objective)
Answer All the questions in this section.
Write your answers in the answer sheet provided.

1. Case-laws are made by the _______
A. Judiciary         B. President        C. Executive     D. Legislature

2. The two leaders that played prominent roles in the formation of ECOWAS were ______
A. Acheampong and Jawara
B.     Gowon and Eyadema
C.     Kerkoru and Tubman
D.    Kounche and Senghor

3. The political party with the widest spread of membership in Nigeria during the second republic was the _____
A. GNPP      B. UPN        C. NPP      D. NPN

4. The Aro system in Igboland was ______
A.     a political organization
B.     a commercial organization~
C.     a religious organization
D.    an imperial organization

5. Which of the following had a centralized administration in pre-colonial Nigeria?
A. The Igbos     B. The Tivs     C. The Ibibios     D. The Yoruba’s

6. Which of the following organs control the civil service?
A. Parliaments and the court
B. Trade unions and the court
C.  The police and parliaments
D. Tribunals and interest group.

7. The expenditure of the public fund by executives in Nigeria is controlled by the ______
A. Legislature     B. Judiciary          C. President      D. Ministry of finance

8. In the Igbo political system, authority was shared among
A. Men and women with Ozo titles
B. All age groups and warrant chiefs
C. Elders of the community and ofo titleholders
D. Titleholders and age groups

9. A popular principle of colonial administration in British West Africa was _______
A. Association   B. Indirect rule    C. Assimilation     D. Westernization

10. The crucial check on an autocratic Oba in Yoruba political system was _______
A. Presenting to him a suicide symbol
B. Avoiding the palace
C. Sending him on exile
D. Refusing to carry out his orders

11. According to Aristotle, a form of government in which the few rules for the benefit of all is ________
A. Diarchy   B. Aristocracy   C. Autocracy   D. Polyarchy

12. Which of the following bodies is the most representative organ of the United Nations?
A. The security council
B. The trusteeship council
C. The General Assembly
D. The Economic and Social Council.

13. The pre-colonial Tiv society can be best described as ______
A. Republican B. Aristocratic C. Feudalistic D. Monarchical.

14. The major function of the civil service is ______
A. Keeping records of the activities of government
B. Keeping records of the activities of government
C. Promoting the interest of civil servants
D. Advising government and implementing its policies.

15. Which of the following is a feature of democracy?
A. Power vested in the minority party
B. Popular consolation
C. Interdependence of stats
D. States responsibility to society.

16. When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960 the head of state as the ______
A. Governor-General   B. Prime Minister   C. Queen of England   D. President

17. The first restructuring of the Nigerian federation took place with the _____
A. Military counter-coup of 1966
B. Creation of states in 1917
C. Abolition federalism in 1966
D. The creation of the midwest region in 1963.

18. In the parliamentary system, the term shadow cabinet is often used to refer to the ______
A. hack-benchers in the house
B. deputy prime ministers and assistant ministers
C. rebellious members of the ruling party
D. portfolio designates before the party in opposition.

19. Acculturation in colonial administration was associated with the ____
The A. French policy of assimilation
B. British policy of direct rule
C. French policy of association
D. British indirect rule system.

20. An example of promotional pressure groups is ______
A. Supreme council of Islamic affairs
B. Nigerian medical association
C. Civil liberties organization
D. Manufacturers Association of Nigeria.

21. The breakdown of the Macpherson constitution was partly caused by the crisis within the____
A. NCNC         B. AG         C. NPC        D. NNDP

22. Nigeria is the major shareholder in the _______
A. OPEC fund for development
B. World Bank
C. International monetary fund
D. Trade union.

23. The official report of processing in parliament is known as ______
A. Hansard     B. diary of events         C. gazette     D. summary of pressing

24. The 1946 constitution was remarkable because it
A. created a ministerial position in Nigeria
B. introduce regional governments in Nigeria
C. introduced for the first time elective principle
D. brought about self-government for Nigeria.

25. The British government revoke the charter of the Royal Niger company and took over the administration of Nigeria in _____
A.    1861      B.     1885     C.     1900     D.    1914

26.  In Nigeria the local government service commission is set up by the
A. Local government chairman
B. Federal government
C. Local government council
D. State government.

27. The head of commonwealth of the nation is _____
A. Chairman of the conference of the commonwealth heads of government
B. Queen of Great Britain
C. Prime minister of Great Britain
D. Secretary-general of the commonwealth.

28. Southern Nigeria was divided into Eastern and Western provinces for administrative purposes in _____
A. 1935         B. 1937        C. 1939       D. 1941

29. The OAU was founded on the principles of ______
A. Settlement of international disputes by armed struggle
B. Justifiable interference in the domestic affairs of member states
C. sovereign equality of member states
D. Equal contribution by member states

30.  A major feature that differentiated the 1963 and 1979 constitutions was that in the former___
A. Ministers were appointed from the national assembly
B. Ministers were appointed from outside the national assembly
C. The prime minister was elected by the whole country
D. The national assembly comprised the Senates and the national assembly.

31. The structure of the civil service is based on
A. lateral organization
B. merit system
C. patronage system
D. hierarchical organization

32. A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by
A. the major political party
B. all the registered political parties
C. a coalition of political parties
D. the party with the highest votes.

33. To qualify for absorption into the administration cadre of the civil service in Nigeria, an applicant must be
A. knowledgable in civil services rule
B. a holder of a first university degree
C. specifically trained in public administration
D. a senior civil serv.ant

34. The final interpretation of the provisions of a federal constitution is vested in the
A. head of state
B. council of state
C. highest legislative body
D. highest court of the land.

35. A major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties is
A. Membership drive
B. The objective
C. The voting pattern
D. Ideology.

36. Proportional representation is a system of allocating seats in the legislature based on
A. gender participation in polities
B. an area
C. contribution to the national economy
D. total votes in an election.

37. The application of the principle of separation of powers seems impracticable because powers is
A. delegated
B. centralized
C. fused
D. separated

38. When did Nigeria gain its Independence?
A. 1st October 1963
B. 31st October 1690
C. 1st October 2012
D. 1st October 1960
E. 12th October 1992

39. The central legislature of Nigeria became bicameral in
A. 1960
B. 1951
C. 1959
D. 1963

40. Which of these constitutions recognized local government as the third tier of government in Nigeria?
A. 1946 Constitution.
B. 1960 Constitution.
C. 1963 Constitution.
D. 1979 Constitution.

41. Under the 1963 constitution, items not listed in the exclusive and concurrent list were within the exclusive competence of the
A. Executive
B. federal parliament
C. regional legislatures
D. judiciary

42. Before Nigeria became a republic, the highest body charged with the administrator of justice was the
A. Privy council
B. High court
C. Supreme court
D. Court of appeal

43. The equivalent of the commissioner at the local government level is the
A. Executive chairman
B. Secretary
C. Councilor
D. Supervisory councilor.

44. The Independent National Electoral Commission has the power to prepare and maintain the register of
A. Political parties
B. Constituencies
C. Voters
D. Electoral candidates.

45. The president of Nigeria is advised on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country by the
A. National Security Council
B. National Defense Council
C. Council of state
D. Federal Executive Council

46. The Nigerian Youth Movement collapsed as the result of
A. Its failure to win the election
B. Shortage of funds to run its affairs
C. The harassment of its leadership by the government.
D. The breakup of its leadership.

47. The first restructuring of the Nigerian Federation took place with the
A. Creation of mid-west Region in 1963
B. Abolition of federalism in 1966
C. Military counter-coup in 1966
D. Creation of states in 1967.

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